LehmannVladimir Toporov  and others.
Printed books existed afterbut the level of literacy among Lithuanians was low through the 18th century, and books were not commonly available. Such an opinion was first represented by the likes of August Schleicherand to a certain extent, Antoine Meillet.
Moreover, with Lithuanian being so archaic in phonology, Slavic words can often be deduced from Lithuanian by regular sound laws ; for example, Lith.
Jonas Jablonskis — made significant contributions to the formation of the standard Lithuanian language. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
These dialects[ clarification needed ] had preserved Litauisk dating phonetics mostly intact due to the influence of the neighbouring Old Prussian languagewhile the other dialects had experienced different phonetic shifts.
For this reason, it is one of the most important sources in the reconstruction of the Proto-Indo-European language despite its late 43 dating 23 with the earliest texts dating only to c. The phonology and especially the nominal morphology of Lithuanian is almost certainly the most conservative of any living Indo-European language,   although its verbal morphology is less conservative and may be exceeded by the conservatism of Modern Greek verbswhich maintain a number of archaic features lacking in Lithuanian, such as the synthetic aorist and mediopassive forms.
Also, the 13th- and 14th-century occupation of the western part of the Litauisk dating basin closely coinciding with the territory of modern Latvia by the German Sword Brethren had a significant influence on the languages' independent development.
Area of the Lithuanian language in the 16th century The oldest surviving manuscript in Lithuanian aroundrewritten from 15th century original text A map of European languages with the first verse of the Lord's Prayer in Lithuanian Distribution of the Baltic tribes, circa boundaries are approximate.
The differentiation between Lithuanian and Latvian started after ; for a long period, they could be considered dialects of a single language. During the Soviet era see History of Lithuaniait was used in official discourse along with Russianwhich, as the official language of the USSRtook precedence over Lithuanian.
At a minimum, transitional dialects existed until the 14th or 15th century and perhaps as late as the 17th century. The alleged or certain, as certain as historic linguistics can be similarities due to contact are seen in such phenomena as the existence of definite adjectives formed by the addition of an inflected pronoun descended from the same Proto-Indo-European pronounwhich exist in both Baltic and Slavic yet nowhere else in the Indo-European family languages such as Albanian and the Germanic languages developed definite adjectives independentlyand that are not reconstructible for Proto-Balto-Slavic, meaning that they most probably developed through language contact.
He proposed that the two language groups were indeed a unity after the division of Indo-European, but also suggested that after the two had divided into separate entities Baltic and Slavicthey had posterior contact.
Infollowing the January UprisingMikhail Muravyovthe Russian Governor General of Lithuaniabanned the language in education and publishing and barred use of the Latin alphabet altogether, although books printed in Lithuanian continued to be printed across the border in East Prussia and in the United States.
Lithuanian has been the official language of Lithuania since Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
Brought into the country by book smugglers despite the threat of stiff prison sentences, they helped fuel a growing nationalist sentiment that finally led to the lifting of the ban in The total worldwide Lithuanian-speaking population is about 3, An earlier Baltic language, Old Prussianwas extinct by the 18th century; the other Western Baltic languages, Curonian and Sudovianbecame extinct earlier.
The genetic kinship view is augmented by the fact that Proto-Balto-Slavic is easily reconstructible with important proofs in historic prosody.
February Learn how and when to remove this template message Lithuanian is one of two living Baltic languagesalong with Latvian.
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